And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch: and he builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Enoch.Joel F. Drinkard, Jr., a professor of Old Testament Interpretation, states the following regarding cities:
“The emergence of cities often marks the move to civilization…. Most of the commercial activity for the region was carried out in the city. Usually, the city was located on the main highway or intersection of highways and trade route through the area. The major sanctuary or worship place would be most frequently located in the city, making it a center of religious pilgrimages and celebrations…. Among the chief concerns a city would be built at a particular location was the presence of food and water nearby, along with the raw materials for shelter, tools and industry “ (Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Copyright 2003, Cities and Urban Life, pages 301-303).